Many 12th science passed students ask me this question- ‘How to join the Indian Army after passing 12th standard, as an Officer?’. Each and every time, I mail them explaining them the process. That was until I decided to write up a sweet and short blog post dealing with the topic here. And finally, after some work, here it is, the answer to many students’ question! I’ll explain the facts and process associated with it.
Please note that it is about joining the Indian Army as a Commissioned Officer, that I’m talking about. I’m not talking about simple Jawan (Soldier entry scheme) or JCO (Junior Commissioned Officer) entry scheme here. It is all about joining the Army as an Officer.
Process of joining Indian Army as an Officer after 12th Science
If it is joining the Army right before graduation that you are looking for, then you must be certainly interested in NDA (National Defence Academy). It is the Premier Joint Services Academy in India.
It is where the cadets of 3 sections of the Armed Forces- Army, Navy and Air Force train together for 3 years! It is a very popular and reputed Institute.
For a candidate to join the Indian Army as an officer through NDA, he must be not between 16½- 19½ years of age, while the course commences at NDA (as on 1st day of that month). So, a science student should try and join it while appearing in 11th standard, while appearing in 12th standard or right after passing out of 12th standard. Note that you should be careful about the age limit of 19 years.
How to join the NDA?
To join NDA, one must appear for NDA (National Defence Academy) written exam and the SSB (Services Selection Board) Interview and clear both of them! The notification regarding this exam is given on leading NEWS Papers and the official websites of the Armed Forces.
You may apply for the exam online. The first part will be the entrance test. It is a written exam, consisting of the OMR type questionnaire, which is all about MCQs (Multiple Choice Questions).
The subjects consists of General Knowledge, Mathematics, English, Physics etc. Once the written part is concluded and the results are declared, the successful candidates are supposed to appear for the SSB Interview.
The Interview is not a one day process. It is spread across many days. Various written tests and physical and psychological tests are taken during these days.
The SSB Officers will evaluate a candidate and assign marks based on the performance put in by him in that particular test. In this way, evaluation is made for each test in those series of test.
In the end, only the candidates who scored a ‘minimum qualifying marks’ in each test is ‘recommended’. Rest unsuccessful candidates are sent back. The recommended candidates are then sent for medical checkup.
Finally, based on the marks obtained in the written exam, tests in SSB and the medical checkup score, a final merit list is put out. Candidates who manage to get into this merit list are accepted into NDA and into the training for joining Indian Army (depends on the choice of the candidate).
In the Academy, the cadet has to complete 6 terms of training and studies. This lasts for 3 years, where they are taught B Sc courses (depending on their choice).
After completing 3 years at NDA and passing out, the cadets are sent to the respective training institutes of their division of the Armed Forces. Thus, Army candidates are sent to IMA (Indian Military Academy) for completing 1 year course. After IMA training, successful candidates are given the rank of Lieutenant and taken into the service as an Indian Army Officer!
10+2 TES (Technical Entry Scheme)
Other than NDA entry, 12th Science (Mathematics Group) passed students may also join the Indian Army as an Officer through the TES Entry Scheme. This one is a Technical entry meant for intermediate level applicants. Let us check out the important details in the following section-
Notification and advertisements regarding TES 10+2 entry is put on prominent newspapers and other publications twice a year in May/June and October/November. Interested candidates should keep an eye for TES advertisement during the months mentioned above.
Like in case of NDA entry, TES 10+2 Entry also follows the online application system. Applicants have to apply online through www.joinindianarmy.nic.in website. Application process is more or less similar to that of NDA entry.
Let us run through eligibility criteria- applicant has to be between 16½ to 19½ years of age as on the first day of the month in which the training course starts at OTA. Applicant should be unmarried. Applicant must have completed 10+2 Science stream schooling with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics as main subjects. Minimum marks requirement is 70%.
After application, the SSB Interview of eligible candidates will be held. SSB Interview will be held in August- October or February- April, depending upon the time the candidate applied online. Successful candidates who manage to clear the Interview and Medical examination will stand a chance to feature in the merit list. Based on merit list, candidates will be selected for training and course. Note that there are 90 vacancies per course. Final selection from merit list will be based on this vacancy. Final selected candidates will be given 5 years training. Training is given at Institutes like OTA Gaya (1 year long pre- Commission training), CME Pune/MCTE Mhow/MCEME Secunderabad (3 years training and/or 1 year long post- Commission training).
If you want to become a medical officer in the Armed Forces, you may go for AFMC entry. For more details, check our this in-depth post – AFMC entry.
After that course, finally they are assigned the rank of a Lieutenant and taken into the service as an Officer in the Indian Army! Hope you liked this article!