In this age of cut throat competition, it is always better to go for a professional course that is job oriented! It will make the process of finding a job after graduation a relatively easier affair! Talking about job oriented courses, I’m here to discuss about the field of Floriculture and courses associated with this field. We will check out basic details associated with Floriculture, courses related to this field, growth scope, career prospects and job opportunities etc.
What is Floriculture field all about?
It is a branch of Horticulture that has been dedicated to the study of growing and marketing of flowers and flowering plants. Basically, it can be said to be flower farming.
Flowers are used for various purposes like decoration, to obtain raw materials to be used in Pharmaceutical Industry, to use in Perfume Industry, to obtain raw materials to be used in cosmetics etc. It is thus evident that flowers are used for a variety of purposes. There exists a demand for various types of flowers. Especially European countries import large quantities of flowers! To satisfy this demand, scientific cultivation, processing and marketing of flowers is required. The field of Floriculture, takes care of the above mentioned aspects very well!
Some very important processes involved in Floriculture sector are- production of potted as well as nursery plants, micro propagation, seed and bulb production, flower trade, extraction of raw materials from flowers using scientific methods etc.
Courses related to Floriculture field
Floriculture can be pursued as a specialization only at the Post Graduate level. So, in case of Undergraduates, they must go for a Graduation Degree first. The best Undergraduate level courses to select in this situation are- B Sc in Horticulture or B Sc in Agriculture. After the completion of any one of the above mentioned Degree courses, one may go for M Sc in Horticulture. In case of M Sc program, students may specialize in Floriculture. M Sc course will last 2 years.
Apart from the above mentioned Degree courses, there also exists a number of Certificate as well as Diploma Floriculture courses, which are offered by many Institutes. In case of such courses, the course duration happens to be very less, when compared to the B Sc-M Sc combination mentioned above.
If it is the B Sc followed by M Sc way that you want to pursue, than you must be 10+2 Science stream passed with Physics, Chemistry and Biology as the main subjects. If you satisfy this criteria, you will be eligible to pursue the B Sc Degree. On completion of the B Sc Degree, you will be eligible to pursue M Sc Degree (and thus specialize in Floriculture!). If you want to go for even higher studies-PhD, this M Sc Degree will make you eligible to pursue that program also!
Career Scope & Job opportunities
I mentioned at the start that this course is a highly job oriented one. Yes, there are a number of job opportunities that this course offers. Some main ones are listed in this section.
First comes on site jobs such as plantation and estate managers, supervisors etc. Research sector associated with this field is also a very promising and rewarding one. Thus, it is safe to say that R&D sector also provides considerable amount of job opportunities!
One may also take up teaching profession after B Sc-M Sc combination. Flowers are used in pharmaceutical industry. So, after the course, one may also take up a job in this industry!
Flower trade and marketing is another area where graduates may find employment. If one pursues a Management course after Floriculture program, then he/she may take on marketing job related to the Flower export/import business.
One may also become self employed and start own garden, thus producing and exporting flowers, to earn a handsome profit! Another way to start up on one’s own is by establishing a consultancy service.