There are so many Engineering branches available out there that choosing the right one has become very difficult for Science stream students. There are the old, traditional branches available on one side. On the other side, there are relatively new branches available. Along with these branches, there are some off-beat branches available too, which, due to some reasons, remain relatively unpopular among 12th Science stream students! In this article, I will be dealing with one such branch- Agricultural Engineering. B.E./B.Tech. programs in Agricultural Engineering are offered by a number of Agriculture Universities and Institutes in India. Students find these programs unattractive and less valuable. But the fact is that this branch is highly job oriented. Particularly in an Agrarian country like India, Agricultural Engineering professionals are in demand. So, completing B.E./B.Tech. program in this branch will ensure one a good job! In this article, I will cover basic course details of B.E./B.Tech. Agricultural Engineering program, important subjects present in the program, eligibility criteria, scope and job opportunities after graduation.
B.E./B.Tech. Agricultural Engineering: Basic course details
It is a 4 years long Undergraduate program, which is fully residential. The 4 year period is divided into 8 semesters, with each semester lasting a period of 6 months. In each semester, students have to face different sets of theoretical subjects as well as practical and lab sessions.
Agricultural Engineering program combines the concepts and techniques of Agriculture and modern technology and Engineering practices. It can be said that the program is an amalgamation of more than one discipline. It is a combination of various disciplines such as- animal and plant sciences, geology, environment science, core Engineering branches, modern agricultural technology etc.
To get a better idea about B.E./B.Tech. Agricultural Engineering, let us take a look at some of the important subjects present in these programs-
B.E./B.Tech. Agricultural Engineering: Important subjects present in the program
I will be listing only the important subjects, which will give you an idea about what the B.E./B.Tech. program is like-
- Engineering Mathematics
- Engineering Physics
- Mechanics of Solids
- Elements of Electrical Engineering
- Communication Skills
- Engineering Graphics
- Environment Science
- Computer Programming and Utilization
- Agriculture Engineering
- Land Surveying and Leveling
- Food Processing and Quality
- Biological Materials
- Fluid Mechanics
- Agriculture Business and Marketing
- Soil Mechanics
- Agriculture Machinery
- Water Resource Management
- Energy and Sources
- Irrigation Engineering
- Theory of Machines
- Information Technology Basics
- Computer Graphics
- Dairy Engineering
- Electrical Machines
- Strength of Materials
- Water resources and working of pumps
- Drainage Engineering
- Food storage
- Product Preservation
- Renewable Energy sources
- Entrepreneurship skills
Those were some important subjects present in the program. As you can see, the first year (1st and 2nd semester) consists of the common subjects. Then onward, subjects focusing on Agriculture sector are introduced. Some subjects are recurring ones and will keep on appearing in more than one semester! It is evident from the above list of subjects that the B.E./B.Tech. Agriculture program consists of elements of even Electrical, Mechanical, Civil, Chemical and Computer Engineering, along with Agriculture science!
Apart from theoretical subjects, practical sessions are also given much importance. Workshops and study tours are held at regular intervals. Also, during the last two semesters, Industrial training as well as Project work are also present.
12th Science stream students who have passed their 12th board examination from a recognized board are eligible to pursue this course. Both mathematics and biology group students are eligible. Minimum marks criteria exists, but may differ from one University to another. Generally, it is between 40-50% marks in PCM or PCB subjects. Also, state level entrance examination marks are also taken into consideration while allotting seats to candidates.
Scope, Salary and Job opportunities
It is safe to say that number of Government job posts are available for Graduates. B.E./B.Tech. graduates may join Agriculture Departments of different State Governments. They may easily land Officer post in this department. Apart from that, other Government Departments where graduates may find jobs are- Food Department, Research Departments, Dairy Boards (State wise), Coir Board etc.
When it comes to Private sector, Fertilizer firms, Research and development firms, Agriculture Machinery manufacturing firms, Food Products Processing and Manufacturing firms etc are the prime recruiters. Average starting salary is between 2.5- 4.5 Lakh Rupees per year.
Some well known job posts available in front of Graduates are-
- Agriculture Officer
- Quality Assurance Officer
- Farm Manager
- Research Engineer
- Process Manager
- Purchase Manager
B.E./B.Tech. Agricultural Engineering graduates may also go for M.E./M.Tech. Agricultural Engineering program. This will make it possible for them to pursue a career in the teaching sector. Also, it open door that will lead one to the R&D sector also. One may also work as a consultant and start one’s own venture after B.E./B.Tech. program.