Textile engineering is a branch of engineering that deals with textile technology, production, processes, equipment and merchandising. In this article, you will be reading about textile engineering courses available in India. Details covered in this article includes- course details, eligibility criteria, admission process, pg courses, scope, career prospects, job profiles and salary details.
We love wearing stylish clothes and apparels. Do you know how garments and apparels are made? Read the next section to know further details about the process.
It all starts with the collection and processing of raw materials (cotton, wool, synthetic materials etc). Yarn is prepared from such raw materials. The yarn prepared in this way is subjected to further processes (weaving, spinning, knitting etc) and is turned into fabric. Fabric is then subjected to processes like dyeing, printing and is fabricated to clothes! The end product, as we all know, is- clothes and apparels that we use!
Textile engineering is a discipline of engineering that focuses on various stages involved in textile manufacturing. Right from the production and processing of raw materials to printing and merchandising- all topics are covered by this engineering branch!
Various chemical, mechanical and physical processes are involved throughout the textile manufacturing process. Textile equipment, chemicals, fibres, polymers and other synthetic materials are involved in it. Textile engineering deals with these processes, synthetic materials, machinery and overall production. These days, computers play a prominent role in textile industry. Computers are used to design and manufacture (process control) textile products!
This branch also gives attention to the marketing, management and merchandising side of textile industry. Research and Development is another integral part covered by this branch.
In short, textile engineering uses principles of engineering, chemistry, textile processes and textile equipment in the process of textile production/manufacturing. Thanks to this unique combination, textile production has become more productive and optimized. To further boost this efficiency, adequate attention is also given to the R&D sector associated with textile engineering!
Let us check out course details in the next section-
Textile Engineering Courses
In India, undergraduate level textile engineering programs are available in two formats-
- Diploma in Textile Engineering
- B.E./B.Tech. in Textile Engineering
Let us check out each course format and find out vital details about them-
1 Diploma in Textile Engineering
It is a Diploma certificate program. It is also known by the name of Diploma in Textile Technology or Diploma in Textile Processing.
Duration: Course duration is 3 years. Usually the academic program is divided into 6 semesters. Each semester lasts for a period of 6 months. Evaluation is done at the end of each semester. The course consists of classroom lectures and practical lab sessions. In the case of final academic year, project work will also be involved.
Eligibility criteria: 10+2 passed in Science stream (with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics subjects) from a recognized board. Minimum marks criteria may exist in case of many institutes (around 50% aggregate marks). Note: Some institutes also give admission to 10th passed students.
Admission process: Mode of admission depends on the institute. Some institutes follow direct admission process. Many institutes follow merit based admission process. Marks scored by a student in board exam and/or relevant entrance test is taken into consideration, when it comes to merit based admission process.
Further studies and PG courses: The best step ahead for Diploma holders is to go for Bachelor’s Degree program in textile engineering. Using the lateral entry, deserving Diploma holders may secure admission directly in the second academic year of B.E./B.Tech. Textile Engineering program!
After completing Bachelor’s program, one may go for relevant Master’s courses (M.Tech., MBA or M.Sc.), PG Diploma or skill developing PG Certificate or training programs. For those who would like to pursue further advanced studies, PhD program will be of use!
2 B.E./B.Tech. in Textile Engineering
It is a Bachelor of Engineering or Bachelor of Technology Degree program. Duration: Course duration is 4 years.
The academic program is divided into 8 semesters. Each semester lasts for a period of 6 months. Evaluation is done at the end of each semester. The course consists of classroom lectures and practical lab sessions. Industrial visit and training program is present in this course. In the case of final academic year, project work will also be involved.
Eligibility criteria: 10+2 passed in Science stream (with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics subjects) from a recognized board. Minimum marks criteria may exist in case of many institutes (around 50% aggregate marks).
Admission process: Most institutes follow merit based admission process. Marks scored by a student in board exam and relevant entrance test (JEE, Institute-wise, State-wise etc) is taken into consideration, when it comes to merit based admission process. Eligible candidates may also make use of donation quota or NRI quota (depending on the institute’s setup) to secure admission.
Further studies and PG courses: After completing Bachelor’s program, one may go for relevant Master’s courses (M.Tech., MBA or M.Sc.), PG Diploma or skill developing PG Certificate or training programs. For those who would like to pursue further advanced studies, PhD program will be of use!
3 Alternative courses
In India, there exist few generalized textile related courses, which are good alternatives to the above mentioned textile engineering programs. Some of the well known alternative courses are-
- Bachelor of Design- Textile Design
- B.Sc. Textile Design
- B.Sc. Textile Technology
Though the above mentioned programs are generalized ones, they do cover topics such as textile processes, textile manufacturing and production. The above mentioned courses focus more on design aspect of textile manufacturing.
To get a better idea about the structure of textile engineering courses, let us take a look at some of the core subjects present in the academic programs-
- Communication Skills
- Engineering Mathematics
- Textile Fibres
- Yarn Manufacturing
- Textile Processing
- Basic Textile Engineering
- Elements of Textile Processes
- Fabric Structure
- Modern Yarn Production
- Textile Manufacturing Processes
- Quality Control and Textile Costing
- CAD (Computer Aided Design)
- Physical Testing
- Technical Textiles
- Modern Spinning Technology
- Modern Weaving Technology
- Production Planning and Maintenance
- Fibre Science
- Knitting and Garment Technology
- Management Skills
Let us check out scope, career prospects and job opportunities related to textile engineering now-
Scope, Career prospects and Job opportunities
When it comes to the field of textile engineering, the private sector offers more job opportunities than the Government sector. Talking about the Government sector, Ministry of Textile is the prime recruiter.
Jobs offered by the Ministry of Textile includes lab based jobs, production based jobs, quality control jobs, marketing and merchandising jobs etc.
Besides Ministry of Textile, State wise Textile Corporations are also known to recruit textile engineering graduates to fill up the above mentioned job posts (based on vacancy). To land Government sector job, one must crack the relevant selection examination (UPSC or State-wise PSC exams).
Coming to the private sector, textile mills, raw material agencies, synthetic material agencies, textile marketing and merchandising firms are known to recruit textile engineering graduates.
In a private sector setup, a textile engineer may take up a job in areas such as product design and development, production, process control, quality control, printing, merchandising or research and development.
Some of the well known job profiles available in front of textile engineers includes-
- Quality Control Engineer
- Process Control Engineer
- Production Engineer
- CAD Specialist
- Marketing Professional
- Plant Supervisor
- Product Designer
- R&D Professional
Some of the well known private sector recruiters are-
- RIL Textiles
- JCT Mills
- Bombay Dyeing
- Mafatlal Denim
- Raymond Group
Starting salary depends on a number of different factors. Prominent factors are- profile of the employer, employee skills, aptitude and grades attained by the employee. General starting salary is around 15-30k Rupees per month. In case of Government job, salary will be based on Pay Band and scale.