Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin was the first person to be sent to the space. It was followed by a flurry of cosmonauts being sent to the space. Soon, man set foot on moon and followed it with many successful space missions. But before humans, animals were sent to space to study the safety standards and possible hazards to human beings while in space. Yes, animals were sent to space much before humans.Badass, right? Take a look at some of them:
Dogs that were sent to space:
The first animal in orbit was Laika, a dog. It was sent by the USSR in Sputnik 2 on November 1957. She died after ten days in space. On August 1963, two dogs- Belka and Strelka completed an orbit.
A French Veronique AGI rocket was used to launch a cat called Felix to space on October 1963. They managed to bring him safely back to earth.
Monkeys Abrek and Bion were sent into orbit by the USSR on December 1983.Monkeys Able and Baker were launched on May 1959 by the USA. Thet successfully returned to earth. A male chimpanzee named Enos completed two orbits on November 1961.
USA’s Orbiting Frog Otolith satellite launched two bullfrogs into orbit on November 1970. Toyohiro Akiyama, a Japanese journalist took six green frogs to the Mir Space Station to conduct various experiments on December 1990.
A garden spider named Arabella was taken to the US Skylab-3 on July 1973, where it spent 60 days in orbit. Various experiments were conducted on it during that period.
The space shuttle Columbia was destroyed upon its reentry into earth. All the seven astronauts were killed. Many animals meant for experiments onboard like spiders, ants and bees were killed. Surprisingly, a container filled with worms was recovered alive!
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